How to grow vegetables

March 30, 2012

Learning how to grow vegetables will provide you the satisfaction of knowing you will enjoy the true taste of vegetable, grown by your own hands.

In the summer, the simple fact that you place the pots near a windows, will provide enough light for the vegetables. If you can place the plants near a windows that is facing south or west, you will get the most light. Growing the plants in the winter, when the days are shorter, and there isn’t enough light for your vegetables, will require you to use an additional light source. You should ask at your garden shop for grow light or full spectrum fluorescent lights. Because the garden plants need about 6 to 8 hours of light per day, you will need to set a timer for your artificial light, to turn on in the morning or in the evening.

Another tip on how to grow vegetables, is about temperature. Sitting near a window that is sunny, in the summer, can only do well to the plants. The problem may appear during the winter, when cold drafts may start coming from the windows, making the temperature slightly too low for what plants can tolerate. If you want to start growing vegetables that don’t need too much heat, like lettuce then there is no problem, but tomatoes or pepper require warmth, so an artificial grow light might be needed.

Also understanding the importance of watering is crucial in learning how to grow vegetables. Because the vegetables can’t get water from rainfalls, you should hoe them regularly. If the top 2 cm of the soil is dry, then you know it’s time to water.

Controlling pests is also a good lesson in learning how to grow vegetables. There are many type of pests that can attack your plants, but most common are the whiteflies and spider mites. For preventing or killing them you should ask for the right pesticide at your garden shop.

Vegetables need nutrients, that’s why it’s necessary that you use fertilizer and compost. If you apply it every two weeks it should be ok. For the right fertilizer type you should ask at your garden shop, because it depends on the vegetables you want to grow.

The last part on the “how to grow vegetables” lesson it’s about soil. Typical garden soil isn’t good if you want to grow indoor vegetables. If you do so, pests and diseases may appear, and the soil will start to compact over time. If you want an indoor garden, you will have to mix perlite, peat, vermiculite and potting soil in equal parts.

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